For a long time, people have eaten garlic and used it as a medicine. It belongs to the same plant group as onions, leeks, and shallots. Garlic has a history of being used for healing purposes, and now it is a popular herbal supplement. Many scientific studies have shown how garlic can improve health. In this article we will show how garlic can improve cardiovascular health, fight cancer, boost the immune system, and enhance brain function.
The chemical composition of garlic
the chemical composition of garlic, including its nutritional content and the compounds that give it its unique flavor and health benefits.
Nutritional Content of Garlic
Garlic has many nutrients in a small serving. It offers different vitamins and minerals that your body needs. One raw garlic clove (about 3 grams) has:
-Protein: 0.2 grams
-Carbs: 1 gram
-Fiber: 0.1 grams
-Fat: 0.0 grams
-Vitamin C: 1% of what you need every day (RDI)
-Vitamin B6: 2% of the RDI
-Selenium: 1% of the RDI
-Manganese: 2% of the RDI
-Calcium: 0.5% of the RDI
-Iron: 0.4% of the RDI
-Potassium: 1% of the RDI
Garlic is not a big source of any one nutrient, but it has some important ones like vitamin B6, which helps your brain work and makes chemicals for your nerves.
Compounds in Garlic
In addition to its nutritional content, garlic contains a variety of compounds that contribute to its unique flavor and health benefits. The primary compounds in garlic are:
Allicin is a compound that has sulfur and gives garlic its strong smell and taste. When you crush or chop a garlic clove, you make an enzyme work, which changes alliin into allicin. Allicin does not last long and goes away quickly, so it is only in fresh garlic.
Allicin can fight against bacteria, viruses, and fungi. It can also act as an antioxidant, which may help to prevent damage and swelling caused by oxygen.
Garlic contains other sulfuric compounds, like diallyl sulfide, diallyl disulfide, and diallyl trisulfide. These compounds give cooked garlic its smell and taste.
Sulfur compounds in garlic can help to lower inflammation, prevent cancer, and support the heart. They may also help to boost the immune system and prevent some chronic diseases.
- Garlic contains many complex carbohydrates known as polysaccharides. These compounds are believed to help garlic boost the immune system.
Polysaccharides in garlic have been shown to increase the production of immune cells and enhance immune function. They may also help to reduce inflammation and protect against oxidative damage.
- Garlic contains many flavonoids, which are plant pigments that have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Flavonoids in garlic include quercetin, kaempferol, and myricetin.
Flavonoids in garlic have been shown to have benefits for preventing cancer, supporting the heart, and protecting the brain. They may also help to improve cognitive function and prevent chronic diseases.
- Garlic contains many other compounds that support its health benefits. These include:
-Vitamins and minerals, like vitamin C, vitamin B6, and selenium
-Amino acids, like alliin and cysteine
-Enzymes, like alliinase and peroxidase
-Sterols, like beta-s
The health benefits of garlic
In this article, we will examine some of the most significant scientific studies that have been conducted on the health benefits of garlic.
Garlic and Cardiovascular Health
Cardiovascular health is one of the areas of garlic’s health benefits that has been the subject of the most investigation. Globally, cardiovascular disease is the main reason for death, and garlic has shown cardiovascular benefits.
Garlic supplementation decreased total cholesterol levels in patients with high cholesterol, according to a research published in the Journal of Nutrition. Another research published in the Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology discovered that garlic extract decreased blood pressure in hypertensive people.
It has also been shown that garlic possesses anticoagulant qualities, which may help prevent heart attacks and strokes. In a research published in the journal Thrombosis Research, garlic extract was shown to inhibit platelet aggregation, a major element in the development of blood clots.
Garlic and Cancer
There is also significant research into the potential cancer-fighting properties of garlic. A study published in the journal Cancer Prevention Research found that garlic supplements reduced the risk of developing colorectal cancer.
Another study, published in the Journal of Nutrition, found that garlic extract reduced the growth of breast cancer cells. Garlic has also been shown to have antioxidant properties, which can help to prevent the oxidative damage that can lead to cancer.
Garlic and Immune System Health
Garlic has been used as a natural cure for colds and influenza for centuries. There are several scientific studies that support this use. Garlic supplements decreased the incidence of colds by 63%, according to a research published in the journal Advances in Treatment.
Garlic has also been shown to possess antibacterial and antiviral properties, which may aid in the battle against infections. Garlic extract suppressed the development of a variety of bacteria, including E. coli and Salmonella, according to a research published in the journal Phytomedicine.
Garlic and Brain Health
There are additional indications that garlic may be beneficial for brain health. According to a research published in the Journal of Neurochemistry, garlic extract enhanced cognitive performance in Alzheimer’s disease rats.
Garlic extract lowered anxiety in rats, according to a research published in the journal Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior. While further study is required to validate these results in people, they imply that garlic may have potential advantages for brain health.
Garlic and Diabetes
Diabetes patients have also been demonstrated to potentially benefit from garlic consumption. Garlic supplementation enhanced insulin sensitivity in people with diabetes, according to a research published in the journal Diabetes Care.
Another research, published in the journal Phytotherapy Research, discovered that garlic extract lowered blood sugar levels in type 2 diabetic patients. These results imply that garlic may have potential health advantages for diabetics.
How to Use Garlic for Health Benefits
Garlic may have several health advantages, but garlic supplements are not a replacement for a good diet and lifestyle. Consuming fresh garlic cloves is the optimal method to include garlic in your diet.
Garlic may be used in a variety of recipes, such as soups, stews, and sauces. To enhance the health advantages of garlic, the cloves should be crushed or chopped and allowed to rest for a few minutes before to cooking. This permits the garlic’s beneficial chemicals to be released.
Garlic supplements are also available in pill form; nevertheless, it is vital to consult with a healthcare professional prior to use.